Arguably every accomplished filmmaker has stressed the importance of learning to write and direct rather than one over the other. Though there are plenty in the industry who stick to one, there aren’t many who haven’t dipped their toes in both worlds.
Both have distinct, valuable roles to play. The writer's primary responsibility is crafting a compelling narrative, screenplay, and engaging dialogues. On the other hand, it is the director's task to transform the written script into a cinematic masterpiece skillfully.
While the writer typically plays a limited role in the filming process, their value isn’t understated. Nevertheless, this article discusses the screenwriter–director dynamic and how the two shape cinema together. We’ll highlight the importance of both and how one isn’t possible without the other.
Photo credit: Freshmen Screenplay
The Importance of Writing
Every film project commences with the script or screenplay, serving as the foundational blueprint that guides all those involved in the filmmaking process. Typically, each team member possesses a copy of this script and continually references it as they contribute to the project's development.
Generally, any film or television series has three main script types. A Standard Script typically begins with a pitch to producers or studios, and if they express interest, it undergoes development with their valuable input.
A renowned scriptwriter may occasionally be enlisted to bring a concept to life. I recently negotiated such a deal involving terms like compensation, payment structure, and creative collaboration.
In contrast, a Spec Script is penned by a writer independently, without prior solicitation, hoping to be optioned and eventually purchased by someone in the industry, such as a producer or studio. These endeavors are often considered long shots, as the writer is usually unknown and lacks significant contacts in the entertainment industry, making it a path to break into the business.
An Adapted Script is derived from pre-existing material, such as a book, play, TV show, prior film (remake), or even a real-life news story. There are countless examples of this adaptation process, with best-selling books being one of the most common sources. Nowadays, when a fictional book becomes a bestseller, it's almost guaranteed to be adapted into a film.
● Aaron Sorkin
● Charlie Kaufman
● Greta Gerwig
● Gillian Flynn
● William Goldman
● Eric Roth
● Paul Schrader
The Importance of Directing
Once a script is finished and the film processing begins, the director (sometimes the film's writer) takes over. The director plays a pivotal role in molding the narrative or script, highlighting specific themes or messages. They bring a particular perspective and assert a distinct focal point.
Additionally, the director plays a crucial role in determining or influencing the cinematography, sound design, and editing of each scene in a movie. In this capacity, they direct the film's flow, guide the actors' performances, and shape the portrayal of characters. Furthermore, the director assumes responsibility for prop placement, costume selection, and the positioning of various shots within different locations.
As a pivotal bridge between writers, producers, editors, and other crucial participants in the filmmaking process, the film director oversees every facet with their unique artistic perspective. This demands robust leadership abilities and technical proficiency to seamlessly orchestrate the myriad elements contributing to the final cinematic work.
Through their cinematic lens, directors have the power to weave stories that captivate audiences and leave indelible imprints on viewers' minds. A director’s distinct vision guides pre-production to post-production, ultimately breathing life into concepts and creating something truly remarkable.
● Martin Scorsese
● Francis Ford Coppola
● Stanley Kubrick
● Agnès Varda
● Akira Kurosawa
● Spike Lee
● Quentin Tarantino
Fusing the Two
Many compare the two and discuss which task is more challenging. For example, with directing, the dynamics are explicit: when the film succeeds, you receive the accolades, but when it falters, the blame falls squarely on your shoulders.
Even if the fault lies elsewhere, it somehow becomes your burden. Your task is translating words from the script into shots that convey a compelling narrative, but the most challenging aspect is making crucial decisions.
Ultimately, the story is the linchpin that binds everything together, and it's the director's unwavering duty to prioritize it above all else. At times, disagreements with your team may escalate, and relationships may strain, but as long as your film emerges as a work of greatness, that's a price the director must be prepared to pay.
On the other hand, screenwriting may appear deceptively simple to some since no one illuminates your shots, enhances your actors, or crafts the sound design for your film. Screenwriters are responsible for creating comprehensive narratives with scene descriptions, characters, and plotlines.
Arguably, the director's role primarily revolves around ensuring the story's faithful execution. By the time the director receives the script, it has already evolved into a meticulously crafted blueprint for them to follow.
Conversely, as a director, you are constantly surrounded by a team of individuals seeking your guidance in various situations. In contrast, screenwriters, unless they work in a collaborative writers' room, often toil in relative solitude without external pressure or immediate demands. In the end, both wouldn’t be possible without the other.